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  • [ID:4-5550014] 上海市2019届初三英语一模完形填空专题汇编(含答案)
    当前位置: 英语/初中英语/牛津上海(本地版)五四制/九年级上(新版)/期末专区
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    上海市2019届初三英语一模阅读B篇完形填空专题汇编 宝山 B. Choose the words or expressions to complete the passage.(12 分) Stan Lee, who helped create Spiderman, the X-Men, Iron Man, the Incredible Hulk(绿巨人), Black Panther(黑豹), and many other comic book heroes, has died. He was 95. Stanley Martin Lieber was born in 1922. When he was just 17, he got a job at a company that made comic books. As a writer, he started using the name “Stan Lee” (which sounded like his first name, Stanley). He wrote his first Captain America story in 1941. It turned out to be popular. Before he turned 19, he was __75__ all writing for the company, which became Marvel Comics(漫威漫画公司) in the 1960s. At the time, most superheroes were shown as being almost perfect. They were strong and smart and always knew the right thing to do. However, after working with some artists, Mr. Lee came up with some new ideas. He made it okay for comic book heroes to have __76__. The Fantastic Four(神 奇四侠) argued among themselves. The Incredible Hulk was a really nice guy until he got angry. Spider-Man was never sure he was doing the right thing, but he always seemed to have something funny to say to the bad guys. Besides, he also had the clever idea of having his comic book heroes __77__ in each other’s stories. For example. Spider-Man might show up in an Iron Man story. This made readers feel like there was a __78__ world of Marvel superheroes. Readers loved it. Many people say that Mr. Lee’s characters and stories helped make comic books popular again. In 1980, Mr. Lee moved to California. He wanted to try and get his superheroes onto TV and into the movies. He didn’t have too much luck at first, __79__ the Incredible Hulk and X-Men became popular TV shows. But after the success of the X-Men and Spider-Man movies in the early 2000s, movies with Marvel heroes began to come out often. Marvel movies have now earned over $24 billion. Mr. Lee has __80__ a small role in most of these movies, usually showing up on screen for just a few seconds. Mr. Lee is no longer with us, but the heroes he created live on. 崇明 B. Choose the words or expressions and complete the passage(选择最恰当的单词或词语完成短 ?#27169;?2 分) In northern Europe, there is a small town where many buildings have an international border(边界) running through them. This unusual town is named Baarle. Half of the town belongs to Belgium(比利时) and the other half belongs to the Netherlands (荷兰). This border is 75 white crosses on the pavement with “B” on one side and “NL” on the other. Local residents have more choices in their lives because of the special 76 of the town. For example, they can go shopping any day of the week. Shops in Belgium are closed on Sundays while those in the Netherlands are not. Therefore, when the Belgian shops have to close on Sunday, people can 77 buy anything they need in the Dutch (荷兰的) shops. Some shop owners, whose shops are divided by the border, take advantage of it by installing a front door on the Dutch side, so that they can do business seven days a week. However, there are 78 , too. For example, the Belgian Baarle and the Dutch Baarle have to seek permission from each other to build a road if the road runs right on the border. Besides, a house may have 79 street numbers if it sits on the border, which is confusing sometimes. Baarle certainly attracts tourists. People think it is funny when they and their friends are in the same restaurant, but eating in 80 countries. Next time you travel to northern Europe, don’t forget to visit this town. 虹口 B. Choose the best words and complete the passage. Narcissus was a famous character in Greek myth. Once upon a time, there was a boy called Narcissus. He was the son of a god and his beauty won the hearts of millions of women. They fell in love with him, but he turned them away. He was so ___75___ that he looked down upon and even laughed at girls who fell in love with him. One of the who loved Narcissus was a nymph(女神)called Echo. Echo could not speak ___76___-What she could only repeat what was said to her, so she couldn’t express her love for Narcissus. One day, when Narcissus was walking in the woods with some friends, he lost his way. He called out“Is anyone here?”Echo replied“Here, Here”right away. Echo stepped forward with open arms, wanting to hug him. But Narcissus ___77___ to accept Echo’s love. Echo was so upset that she ran away and hid in a small cave with nothing left except her ___78___. That’s why“echo”means repeated sound in English. Another goddess found out about this, and she decided to punish(惩罚)his behavior because it ___79___ cruelty and pain. She attracted Narcissus to a pool, where he saw his own reflection(倒影)in the water and fell deeply in love with the beauty of his reflection, not realizing it was himself. He tried to kiss it. However, as soon as he touched the surface of water, the reflection moved away. He stared at his beautiful reflection for such a long time that he forgot all about the need to eat and drink. ___80___, he lost his life. Where he died a flower grew, and that flower is called a narcissus today.(289 words) 奉贤 B. Choose the best answer and complete the passage.(12 分) Do you know something about cats? Do we humans learn something good from them? Cats are animals of habit. They like to go to sleep about the same time every day and for a certain length of time. They seem to have a natural clock inside them that tells them when to sleep and when to __75__. Cats make up their regular sleep with occasional(间或?#27169;ヽat naps. Some experts feel that humans could also benefit from this habit. Cat naps help to build up energy in the body. They are also a good way to overcome boredom. Since cats have moods __76__ those of humans, some experts believe people can __77__ their moods and attitudes by catnapping. People might become happier and more positive and they can finish their work more efficiently. A number of famous people have __78__ cats by taking cat naps during the day. The naps would usually last from 15 to 30 minutes. President Harry Truman, John Kennedy and Lyndon B Johnson like taking naps. Winston Churchill took cat naps, too. When he was 66 years old, Churchill was appointed Prime Minister of England(任命英国首相)at the important time by King George VI. England’s army suffered many losses at the beginning of World War II. Churchill faced a large number of challenges. But with his full energy and his great ability, he led his people to victory. He was a tireless source of strength to his people. Churchill __79__ told one of his best friends privately that the reason why he was able to work long hours, often into the deep night, napping was his __80__. Perhaps more people could learn from cats and take naps to feel better and live longer. 黄浦 B. Choose the best answer and complete the passage。 I will never forget the Sunday afternoons I spent at my grandfather’s farm in Western Pennsylvania when I was a little boy. Miles of winding stone walls around the house provided endless hours of ___75___ for a city kid like me. I can still remember one afternoon when I was eight years old. Since my first visit to the ___76___, I’d wanted to be allowed to climb the stone walls around the farm. My parents would never think it was good. Still, my wish to climb across those walls grew so ___77___. One spring afternoon, I picked up all my courage and entered the living room, where the adults were sitting and talking over tea after dinner. “Can I climb the stone walls?”I asked. Immediately the women in the room cried.“Heavens, no! You’;; ___78___ yourself!”I wasn’t too disappointed; their reply was just as I’d expected. But before I could leave the room, my grandfather stopped me.“Wait a minute.”I heard him say,“Let the boy climb the stone walls. He has to ___79___ to do things for himself.” “Hurry up,”he said to me,“and come and see me when you get back.”For the next two and a half hours I climbed those old walls and had the time of my life. Later I met with my grandfather to tell him about my adventure (冒险). I’ll never forget what he said.“Fred,” he said, smiling,“you made this day a ___80___ day just by being yourself. Always remember, there’s only one person in this whole world like you, and I like you exactly as you are.” 嘉定 B. Choose the best answer and complete the passage. Ibby Piracha is one of many regular customers at his local café in a small town in Virginia, US. __75__, Ibby isn’t like the other regulars – he’s deaf. Krystal Payne, a new waitress, wanted to do something to make Ibby feel more __76__. So she spoke with other employees about Ibby, learning that they always did what they could to give him excellent service. But Payne wanted to take it a step further. She went home and spent her night learning American Sign Language so she could better __77__ with Ibby. The next day, she wrote him a small note saying: “I’ve been learning ASL, just so you can have the same service as everyone else.” Ibby, who was overcome with emotion over this small act of kindness, has kept the note at home ever since. Ibby was so moved by Payne’s behavior that he posted it on Facebook to share with his friends. His post was then reposted by many other people – a result that he did not __78__. But he is happy that Payne is getting the recognition she deserves. The next morning, Payne heard about the post when her manager praised her and mentioned that there were many requests from reporters to interview her. The company’s spokeswoman heard about her kind gesture and said the company was __79__ Payne’s actions. “My job is to make sure people have the wonderful service they expect and that’s what I gave him,” said Payne. Ibby sees Payne’s act of kindness as an inspiration. “It shows that she respects deaf people,” he said. Payne now knows enough ASL to take Ibby’s order, which makes Ibby’s life much easier. In the past, Ibby would have to order through text messages that he would show to the staff. Ibby still loves to visit the coffee shop, saying it is something that “gave me real __80__ -- even now, I’m still smiling”. 金山 B. Choose the best answer and complete the passage.(12 分) I became a gardener when I was twelve. My early desire of gardening was not because of my love for nature. It was to make my parents rather angry. At that time, we had a big yard in which a beautiful maple tree stood. But my mother often looked at this work of natural art __75__. Those golden leaves seemed like tons of rubbish to her, “Something else to clean up!” Seeing the neighbors busy with gardening, my father even thought it a waste of time. At that age, I always did something __76__ to whatever my parents did! If gardening was something they found boring, I would plant a garden! I planted some lily seeds in the yard. But they __77__ to come up. I continued to plant sunflower seeds and roses. To my joy, I found the first rose bloom. One by one, the flowers bloomed their heads off. Finally, I was touched by this land of wonder. __78__, my parents showed no interest in my garden. My father even shouted at me because he found it was troublesome to move around my garden to the driveway. To my mother’s displeasure, I put in her vase my real roses which, in her eyes, were simply weeds rather than flowers. Although they disliked the garden, I kept on planting my garden and continued to enjoy the pleasure of gardening. Plants make such good __79__: they breathe, they bloom, they respond to care and love. It has been many years since I made my garden out of my desire to challenge my parent. Today I become known as Mrs. Green Thumbs, teaching gardening and hosting a gardening show, which makes my parents feel very __80__. And now I could say it is my love for nature that makes me a real gardener. 静安 B. Choose the best answer and complete the passage. YES NO Sun Zhenyao, 13, Shanghai Li Mingyi, 14, Beijing Safety comes first. Most primary schools suggest that parents should come along with their children on their way to school. I don’t think it’s a problem for the parents. They just have to stay at the school gate a little __75__. Also, it’s very crowded around school gates in the morning. Traffic accidents may happen. Only __76__ school guards is not enough. If parents can help, there will be fewer accidents. On weekdays, guarding schools and keeping students safe should be the school’s responsibility – not the parents’. __79__, the time when they have to guard is usually about 7:40 to 8 a.m., the morning rush hour. Some parents might get caught in a traffic jam and late for their work. I don’t think this task should fall on the parents. Sun Run, 14, Zhejiang Huang Xi, 15, Jiangsu This request is not just about students’ safety, but also helping the school. It is a good __77__ to improve relations between parents and schools. Secondly, parents can set a good example for their kids by working __78__ for their school. Most of these parents are office workers. They have their own things to do. They hurry to work every morning. To meet this new request, some may have to ask time off. This will affect their work performance. I think it’s better to ask for the parents’ __80__ first. If some are willing to volunteer, they can do so. But it shouldn’t be something that every parent has to do. 闵行 B. Choose the words or expressions and complete the passage. Travel can be exciting but also dangerous at times. Follow these safety tips to protect yourself. ? Choose your ground transportation __75__ Whenever possible, travel in a vehicle(机动车) that is in good condition and offers working seat belts. Research the safety records of bus companies, and avoid using less-safe vehicles. ? Find information about your destination Get trustworthy __76__ about wherever you’re visiting. Find out everything, from the local laws to any travel warnings (including crime and security warnings). Make your plan according to the information. ? Review the escape route in your hotel room Let’s be honest – when you check into a hotel room, you’re more __77__ beds or swimming pools than studying the map on the back of your door. But before you get too settled in, you should take a quick look at the emergency(紧急情况) escape routes. You’ll be glad you did if an emergency arises in the middle of the night. ? Prepare a copy of your passport Before you leave, get a copy of your passport, take a photo of it to save on your cell phone, and email it to yourself. That way, if you need your passport while out (but it’s locked up in your hotel safe), you’ll have all your information. Plus, if it’s stolen, getting a replacement will be much __78__. ? Confirm(确认) visitors with the hotel desk You’re in your hotel room and there’s a knock at the door from someone saying he is the worker in the hotel. __79__ you let this person in, call down to the front desk to make sure. ?Save emergency numbers Find out what the local emergency hotlines are and save them to your phone. Also __80__ the phone numbers of your country’s embassies and save those addresses as well. 浦东 B. Choose the best words and complete the passage(选择最恰当的选项完成短文)(12 分) Having a positive attitude towards life is extremely important in all aspect, especially in an interview. Most people do poorly at interviews because they don’t have a positive attitude. In other words, they are ____75____ and forget all of their strengths and achievements. Don’t be shy! Tell the world about the good things you have done. Here are some things to encourage you and improve your performance in life. Always keep _____76___ with people you are talking to. Looking into someone’s eyes expresses honestly. Besides, your smile will cheer up everyone. Always use a handshake when you meet an interviewer. If you shake the interviewer’s hand firmly and tell your name proudly, you will ____77____ show you are serious about your occupation. Such a handshake will bring the feelings of being trustful and equal. This is the best way to make a good ___78_____. Always look on the bright side of life. ____79____ advantages of everything and everyone. Every person has shining points, find them! Be glad to learn something new every day. Be generous to share something new with your partner every day. Always say more than yes or no when you are ____80____. As long as you know the above tips, your life will gradually bring some active responses in return. 普陀 The rise of e-learning 21 February, 2053 A new study published today shows that e-learning is more popular than ever. According to a survey, 57% of students now get degrees(学位) through e-learning, with only 43% getting degrees by attending a __75__ university. We spoke to Zhong Tai, an eighteen-year-old student from Sichuan Province who started an e-learning course last month. “After I finished high school, I knew I wanted to continue to study,” Zhong Tai told us. “I really wanted to study economics at university, but I felt bad about __76__ my parents. My father suffers from a severe illness. He needs help moving around. He also needs someone to cook his meals and give him his medicine at the right time each day. My mother is a teacher, so she cannot help him during the day. We didn’t want to hire(雇) someone to look after him. It had nothing to do with money I just didn’t feel right leaving my father with a __77__. My mum suggested I go to a university nearby and continue to live at home, but none of the universities close to my home town offer economics. Then my friend suggested I find out more about e-learning. I soon learnt that I could get a good degree without going away from home. I applied to the University of London, and they __78__ me. I started an economics course with them four weeks ago.” Yet, though Zhong Tai is now a graduate at the University of London, he has never been to Britain. In fact, he has never left Sichuan. We asked Zhong Tai whether he felt bad about missing some __79__ enjoyed by students studying on the campus, such as making new friends from different places. “Not at all,” he replied. “I have made a lot of friends with people from my course online. __80__, during the evenings and weekends, I go out with my friends from high school. Since most of them also use e-learning, we all still live close to one another.” 青浦 Who owns English? In China and most other countries, English is the most important foreign languages that children will learn at school. English is now used by nearly a quarter of the world’s_____75_____ , and anywhere you go in the world, there is a good chance that someone will speak English. How did this happen? English has not always been the most ____76______ language. Until English became important in the twentieth century, people who had any education spoke French. What’s more, English spelling doesn’t give much help with pronunciation, and its grammar is difficult, _____77_____the word order. The reason why English is spoken everywhere is that in the 18th century, products from the UK were sold all over the world. And in the twentieth century, the US_____78_____ English all over the world through newspapers, television and films. It’s now used for international travel, science, industry and recently, information technology and the Internet. But it’s also important to remember that English has_____79_____ many words from other language, either exactly the same words or very similar ones. It uses “restaurant” from French, “zero” from Arabic, “piano” from Italian, and “Kongfu”, “wonton” and other words from China. So who owns English? The answer is everyone who speaks it ---the British, the Indians and the Chinese all help make it a(n) ____80_____language. We are all part of an international club where everyone speaks English. We all own English. ?#23665;? 徐汇 Do you have any effective ways of learning to share? Here are some tips on how to ___75___ the Exam Season. ? Prepare yourself My first tip is to prepare yourself for reviewing. Let me explain what I mean by this. During the term, you’re going to take a lot of notes and go to all the lectures, and these are the first steps in the learning ___76___. Now, at the end of the week, gather all the notes you took and run through them quickly. While doing this, constantly(不断地) ask yourself, “Do I understand what I am reading?” If yes, great. If not, ask a friend or a teacher; you can also _____77____ on the internet or go to a library. This take a little effort, but the results will be worth it. There are two big advantages. You understand ____78_____ before the exam period starts, so you don’t have to bother other people with your questions during this stressful time, and the second benefit is that you have seen the material before you start reviewing, so you’ll probably remember some things, and it makes reviewing ____79_____. Switch between different types of revision My second trip is to plan between different types of revision in order to study more efficiently. ____80_____you are motivated(主动积极的) to study, everyone gets bored after a couple of hours of studying. We get distracted or tired from time to time. Planning different types of active revision helps. You can , for example, study using flashcards for an hour, then work on a summary for an hour, then have lunch, etc. 杨浦 What makes an advertisement effective? You can easily answer this question if you walk around a city. A good ad is one that gets your attention and makes you focus on the important __75__, too. To learn how to create an effective ad, like a poster for example, start by __76__ the two posters on the right. Answer this without stopping to think: Which one is more effective? Yes, it’s the one at the bottom. Let’s examine why. First of all, it’s more colourful and it’s got attractive pictures. The white and black poster almost becomes invisible next to it. Colour draws attention. Moreover, it can __77__ your feelings and make you react in a certain way. Images do the same. Do the cupcakes on the poster at the bottom make your mouth water? Do they make you quickly go through the text to find out where you can get them? That’s what they’re there for! An ad isn’t just colour and pictures. You’ve got something to say, so the next thing you should do is to decide how much text you should write. Remember that people are impatient and will __78__ read a long text to see what it’s about. The amount of text should be just right to get your message across, so focus on your message and say it with as few words as possible. Your choice of font (the style of letters), font size (how big or small the letters are) and font colour also play an important role. You want the text to be __79__ to read, especially from a distance. __80__, you have to decide how you’re going to organize both the pictures and the text in the space you’ve got. A good layout helps people ‘read’ the ad quickly and communicates your message more effectively. If your poster is too busy, your message will simply get lost! 长宁 Shops have all kinds of tricks to get you in their doors, or on their websites, and spending. They are like traps to catch you, the buyer. If you know what those traps are, you can avoid falling into them. Loss leaders(亏本促销商?#32602;? Step one is to get you into the shop. The ___75___ that they do this is by advertising a product that you need at a crazy low price. The price might even be below cost. They ___76___ lose money when you buy that milk or those disapers, but you come in for that. Once in the shop you are sure to get the other things that you want and need, aren’t you? Those are called loss leaders. The expensive one makes yours seem reasonable You’re looking for a quality jacket. The one you want costs more than you ___77___, but right next to it is a very expensive one. Suddenly yours seems pretty reasonable. You decide to buy it ___78___ some people are spending even more money on jackets. You’ve been caught out! The placing of differently-priced items like this is done on purpose. They give you a place to rest You are tried from shopping and are thinking of going home. But then you see a bench, or a place to get a cheap coffee or cake. You take a break and then you are ___79___ to shop again. That is just what is likely to happen. Some shops even provide creches where parents can leave their children in order to shop more easily. That“99”really ___80___ people to buy You probably don’t believe that just because something is priced $9.99 instead of $10 you’ll buy it. But studies have proven that it is true. It is called the“left-digit effect”. Be aware of that when you shop. Avoid these traps so that you won’t spend too much. 答案 宝山 75-80、CBCDBA 崇明 75-80 ACBDAC 虹口 75. C 76. B 77. D 78. A 79. A 80. D 奉贤 75. B 76. A 77. B 78. C 79. A 80. B 黄浦 75-80 CADBDC 嘉定 金山 75-80 DABCAD 静安 75-80 BDBDAC 闵行 75-80 BDBCBA 浦东 75-80 BDCADB 普陀 75. C 76. D77. C 78. A 79. D 80. B 青浦 75-80CBADDB ?#23665;? 徐汇 杨浦 75-80 BCDCAB 长宁
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