C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words( 在短文的空格中填入适当的 词£¬使其内容通顺£¬每空格限填一词£¬首字母已给)
Watch young children in a school class. You will often notice that there are three or four¡ªespecially boys who cannot sits s_____81____. They have trouble paying attention to the teacher for longer than a few minutes, and they seem to forget things the teachers tells them. What is the manner with them? Many doctors think they need medicine, so they give the children a drug c_____82____ Ritalin(利他林). It is supposed to help them settle down and pay better attention. It works, but it is also dangerous. Ritalin has some bad side effects, and it can even kill children who take too much. Because of the serious side effects of Ritalin, many people think it is not good for children.
Ritalin seems to affect both a child¡¯s mind and body. The drug does help children calm down and focus, but some scientists claim( 声称) that Ritalin decreases the flow of blood to the b____83_____. This effects a child¡¯s thinking and memory and makes it more difficult to learn. Scientists also think that the drug might l_____84____ a child¡¯s ability to grow and an cause trouble sleeping. Another problem is that children can take too much of the drug. Some children like the way the drug makes t_____85____ feel, so they take more than they should. They know this is wrong, but they cannot stop, much the same as people who cannot stop smoking. A third problem is that doctors do not know if the drug is really safe or not. Doctors do not know what happens to children who take this drug for a long time. They do not know if these children show side effects after they grow up. Ritalin might help when children are young but are there bad effects l____86_____ in life? Because nobody knows for sure, some scientists say that Ritalin should not be used.
Today, some doctors and teachers say that there are better ways than drugs to help children with attention problems. One good idea is to give children better food and make sure they get more rest. Another way to help children with attention problems is to find teachers who have special training with a_____87____ children. Such teachers know how to help these children learn. Another idea is for parents and teachers to simply be patient. Most children¡¯s attention will improve naturally as they get older. Parents and teachers just have to give these children time to develop.
C. Read the passage and fill In the blanks with proper words£¨在短文的空格内填入适当的词£¬使其内容 通顺£¬每空格限填一词£¬首字母已给£©?#28023;?4分£©
In the age of digital printing£¨数字印刷£©, almost all newspaper articles are typed with computers. But The Musalman, the oldest Urdu-language daily newspaper in India, is still being published as the world¡¯s (81)1___ hand- wtitten newspaper.
The newspaper has four pages. The front page is for national and international news. The second and the third pages are for local news. The fourth page is for sports news. Some (82)s___ is left blank at the bottom right corner of the front page, in case there is breaking news.
Every day, it takes three calligraphers£¨书法家£©three hours to write a page before the paper is printed and sent to its 21, 000 readers. These calligraphers must be very (83)c___ not to make any writing mistakes, because even a small mistake can lead to a whole page being rewritten.
The newspaper makes so (84) l___ money that costs are hardly covered. But for Syed Arifullah, who took over the newspaper from his father, it is his duty to keep the paper alive as a way to protect the Urdu language and especially its calligraphy. He says that calligraphy is the heart of The Musalman, and if someone removes the heart of the paper, there will be (85)n___ left.
People working for the newspaper also feel very (86)p___ to be part of it. They are really devoted to£¨致力于£© their work and believe that their work helps preserve a dying art.
First published in 1927, the newspaper is (87)l___ to exist for another 90 years. Lets wait and see.
C. Fill in the blanks with the proper words.(在短文的空格内填入适当的词£¬使其内容通顺¡£ 每空格限填一词£¬首字母已给¡£)
In the city I live in, some seats on every bus come in orange color, different from the rest which are blue. Those seats are intended for(预留) a certain group of people¡ªthe old and some who need special care, such as the disabled or those with small babies. So you can often see young people choose to take others seats instead of the orange ones if possible.
One day, my friend Lisa boarded a bus and found the only untaken seat was an orange one. She h______81__ for a moment and slowly walked to it and sat down. As the bus went on, passengers accumulated(聚集) from stop to stop and the bus became really c____82____. At that time, someone near the door asked loudly if there was anybody who would like to o____83____ a seat to the old man who had just got on the bus. On hearing it, Lisa looked around to see where the old man was. She was even about to get up but found it difficult to do so. Thinking that someone near the old man would do him a favor, she remained seated. Actually, she had another reason to do so. To her s____84____, she soon became the target of criticism(批评的目标) from some people standing beside her.
¡°Shameless,¡± a voice said.
¡°Morality decays(道德败坏),¡± another voice added.
Lisa kept silent as the short conversation went. She wanted to say something but held the words back. She understood as the only young person taking the orange seat on this bus , she ¡°should¡± feel ashamed. Lisa turned her face to the window to hide her embarrassment. If you were a passage on that but, would you stand out a ___85_____ her and blame(责怪) her for not giving up her seat? If I hadn¡¯t known the story of Lisa¡¯s side, I would. However, the truth is : Lisa had just a small o____86____ and was in recovery (恢复). Her doctor had told her to sit instead of s____87____ as much as possible. The long bus trip would give her trouble if she stood all the way.
C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words¡£
Many people think of bully£¨欺凌£©as one child pushing or hitting another. However, bullying is not only p___81___. Words also hurt people badly. When I was in junior high school, the girls in my class would laugh at me or ask questions designed to embarrass me. Their words really hurt me so much that it was difficult for me to f___82___ my attention on study.
You may not think of yourself as a bully, but do you always play jokes on others? If the other person isn¡¯t laughing. Your words or actions may hurt more than you think. When some people are bullied, they will make r___83___ by hurting others. No matter what your experiences are, being kind will make you truly powerful.
When you notice one person bullying another, you are supposed to warn them to stop i___84___ and firmly£¨坚 定地£©. Your hesitation will make the problem worse, if they don¡¯t stop, walk away and tell an adult about the bullying.
If you are bullied, don¡¯t try to face it alone, but ask a parent or other trusted adult for help. Similarly, in places where bullying happens, stay close to a friend b___85___ bullies often aim at people who are isolated£¨孤立?#27169;? When you re being bullied, walk away calmly. Leaving will keep you safe, and if you don¡¯t seem frightened or upset, the bully may feel bored and l___86___ interest in you.
Finally, remember that what is happening is not your m___87___. Bullies are responsible for their actions and words. Make sure your life will not be affected by their words and action. And when you meet others who are weaker than you, remember that they are valuable, too.£¨296 words£©
C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words¡£
It does not always come easy to discover oneself. From a young age, I had a strong sense of who I was to become, but an accident made me redefine£¨重审£©my self.
To me, cycling was above all. There was n___81___ in this world that filled my heart with such joy. I spent twenty-four hours a week practicing my s___82___. Having no social life or interests but cycling, my great love brought me first place medals in nearly every competition.
Unfortunately, in one show, I fell down and hurt myself b___83___. After several X-rays and MRI£¨磁共振£© scans, the doctor told me that I couldn¡¯t return to my sport any more. The pain in my back was hard to bear and even the b___84___ daily tasks became difficult.
As my passion£¨激情£©was taken away, I had little sense of who I was to become. After eight months of suffering, something had to c___85___. Instead of wasting my days sitting around painfully, I began to put my energy into local community service projects. By volunteering as a swimming teacher and summer reading assistant for kids, I got an idea of who I wanted to become. After a few months, I spent most of the time on my interest in the arts. Little by Little, I stepped out of the shadow£¨阴影£©and r___86___ my confidence.
Sometimes, some large rocks block our way. We can choose to stay behind or try to climb over. My accident was a rock, but it f___87___ to stop me from reaching success. Today I¡¯m a very confident and optimistic person.
C. Fill in the blanks with proper words.
Waste sorting is a simple process that requires neither a lot of time, nor any special resources. When you throw away trash(废物), do you know which bin it should go in? Have you ever n__81__ the differently- colored trash bins on the street or in your neighborhood?
Some of you might not be able to answer this question easily. In fact, it is very important. Not knowing how to sort waste can make it even h__82__ to save energy and protect the environment.
If you don¡¯t sort your trash, all of it will go to a landfill(垃圾填埋场) and be m__83__ together. These landfills can take up large areas of ground that could have been used for planting trees or crops. The electronic waste can pollute the soil and groundwater(地下水). Other pieces of garbage, like the metal part of a pen, can be used to make other things if they are p__84__ recycled.
With this in mind, many governments in China have been running waste-sorting activities in recent years. For example, Shanghai announced in July that within three years, all of its residents should sort their waste into f__85__ groups: wet, recyclable, harmful and dry.
Many other c__86__, including Shenzhen and Qingdao, plan to use this method to sort their waste. Now that you know this, perhaps you can do your part to protect the environment and encourage others to sort their trash.
Waste sorting is also a major problem around the world. Different countries are using different methods to sort their trash. Japan is l__87__ the world in waste sorting. It is a very important part of Japanese life and Japanese people will expect foreigners to follow their belief.
C. Fill in the blanks with proper words.£¨14 分£©
Sam had always wanted to visit the International Space Station. He was really interested in the experiments that were happening there. He had read about growing food using water only. He thought that this was important as it was a way to provide food w__81__ using land. Some of the techniques used in the Space Station had already been included in architectural plans for some super skyscrapers. So when Space Dreams, a space travel company, held a competition, Sam decided to enter. The p__82__ was a trip to the Space Station itself!
The competition involved writing a description about how you would feel about traveling into space. Sam sat down and wrote how he thought it would feel. Buzz Aldrin, the astronaut was the judge. There were 1,209,678 entries(参加的人), so Sam thought that there was n__83__ way he would be a winner. The day when the competition winner was announced, Sam was expecting a phone call. When the phone rang, he answered, ¡°Hi.¡± A voice replied, ¡°Hello, can I speak to Sam? This is Jack Mellow of Space Dreams.¡± Jack told Sam he was the winner. Buzz had said that Sam¡¯s writing d__84__ exactly how he had felt on his first space trip. Sam could not believe it. Jack had already arranged with Sam¡¯s school for him to take a few days off. He had to go to t__85__ before he could fly.
Sam learnt how to put on a space suit. Then he was put onto a machine and turned around. This was to help him get used to travelling at very fast speeds. He also learned how to move without gravity(重力) to k__86__ him on the ground. That was fun. He could do summersaults and fly through the air well, walk through the air in reality. The day came for take-off. Sam felt really f__87__ because he knew nothing about what would happen after taking off. He was with two other people and an instructor. He had to climb into a tiny capsule in the nose of a rocket. Then the rocket went quickly into space. Sam¡¯s dream came true.
C. Fill in the blanks with proper words.
It¡¯s a school day morning. You are dressing yourself in the bedroom. At the same time, you are thinking about taking your schoolbag from the living room. But when you walk through your bedroom door and into the living room, you suddenly forget w__81__ you are there and just don¡¯t know what to do.
Most people would think they have a poor m__82__. But scientists believe that the act of walking through doorways makes them forget things. They call it the ¡°doorway effect¡±.
The scientists from the University of Notre Dame in the US did an e__83__. They placed several objects into two rooms. The students had to put an object from Room A into a shoebox and then carried it to Room B through a doorway. In Room B, they exchanged it for another object and brought it back to Room A in the shoebox. Then the students were asked to do the same things w__84__ crossing through a doorway.
During the period of time, the scientists would randomly(随机地) ask the students which object was in their shoebox at the moment. The scientists found their answers were slower and less c__85__ when they walked through a doorway and into a new room.
¡°A doorway is just like a boundary(分界线) in the mind,¡± the lead scientist Gabriel Radavansky told Scientific American. Setting ¡°boundaries¡± in our minds can cause us to forget things c__86__. For example, when you walk into the living room, your brain thinks the act of getting your schoolbag is already ¡°done¡± and it moves on.
Is there a way to s__87__ the ¡°doorway effect¡±? Writing down what you need before going into another room might be helpful.
C. Read the passage and fill in the blanks with proper words.
Have you ever been in an animal rescue? It can be very heartbreaking, but sometimes, with l__81__ and skill, a tragic story can turn into an inspiring one. This is what happened to Winter, the dolphin.
Winter was found off the coast of Florida in December of 2005. She was just a few months old, a__82__, and caught in a crab trap. The ropes from the trap were wrapped tightly around her body.
The fisherman who found her called for help. And a rescue team soon arrived. But the s__83__ was really tough. The ropes had cut off the blood circulation to her tail. She was badly hurt. People didn¡¯t think she would survive. Most dolphins who become trapped in ropes die. Hoping for a miracle and racing against time to save her, the rescuers transferred her to the Clearwater Marine Aquarium in Florida.
After much hard work, the doctors m__84__ to save Winter, but sadly, not her tail. Her tail were too damaged and had to be removed so Winter could live.
The little dolphin Winter didn¡¯t die, but she would never be able to swim normally w__85__ a tail. Thankfully, the story doesn¡¯t end here. Winter was able to swim, but not very well. Because he didn¡¯t have a tail, she moved to her body in a side-to-side motion like a shark. But the doctors at the aquarium were w__86__ that the strange movement would hurt her back bones.
Kevin Carroll heard Winter¡¯s story, and thought he could help. He is an expert who is good at treating disabled people. If he could help people, why not help a dolphin? He started working with Winter and came up with a solution. Now Winter can swim like other dolphins.
Winter¡¯s story also e__87__ the disabled. We all have the right to live and to live well.
C. Fill in the blanks with proper words(在短文的空格内填入适当的词£¬使其内容通顺¡£每空 格限填一词£¬首字母已给)(14 分)
There was once a jeweler, famous for many virtues(美德). One day, some Arabs came to him for some diamonds to decorate an important thing for a yearly celebration.
The Arabs told him what they wanted, and offered him a f____81____ price for the diamonds. He replied that he could not let them see the jewels at that moment, and required them to call again.
As they wanted the diamonds without any delay, and thought that the p____82____ of the jeweler was only to increase the price of the diamonds, the Arabs offered him twice, then three times as much as they were worth. But he still refused, and they were quite d____83____ and went away.
Some hours later, he went to the Arabs and l____84____ before them the diamonds, for which they again offered him the last price they had named, but he said, ¡° I will only accept the first price you offered to me this morning.¡±
¡°Why, then, did you disagree with us at once?¡± asked they in surprise.
¡°When you came,¡± replied he, ¡°my father had the key to the s____85____, in which the diamonds were locked, and as he was asleep, I would have to w____86____ him to gain them.¡±
¡°At his age, a short of sleep u____87____does him good; and no business is more important than my father¡¯s single comfort.¡±
The Arabs were affected by his words. They spread their hand upon the jeweler¡¯s head and showed their satisfying smiles.
C. Fill in the blanks with proper words.£¨在短文的空格内填入适当的词£¬使其内容通顺£¬每空格限填一词£¬ 首字母已给£©£¨14 分£©
My Big Day
There were about 15 kids there for audition(试镜) when we arrived. I had been u__81__ about being late on this Big Day but the bus, which moved slowly all the way, woke up and almost galloped for the last half mile. Dad and I jumped off and ran to 171 High Street. I had e__82__ a shiny building but what I saw was a broken ancient door. And the room into which we all crowded was dark and didn¡¯t have enough chairs. A boy was p__83__ his audition piece loudly, unaware of everyone else in the room. Most of the kids were in jeans, but a few dressed seriously cool as if they spent every day on film sets and lunching with s__84__. I felt a bit embarrassed about my dressing.
A girl called us away, one by one, to be auditioned. I breathed deeply and slowly as I had learned to do ¨C ever since my first part in the school play, when I was extremely nervous and n__85__ forgot everything I had memorized. I repeated my speech to myself with all the pauses and emphasizes in the right places. I knew I was good. I really wanted this part, I wanted to pay Dad back for all the work he¡¯d done for me. I wanted to make him proud of me. And I know I could do it.
Suddenly, there it was my n__86__! I followed the girl down a corridor into a large room with three men and a woman sitting.
¡°How tall are you?¡± he asked.
¡°I¡¯m 1.6 metres,¡± I said, trembling slightly.
The man looked at the woman and I saw him s__87__ his head.
The woman turned to me and said, ¡°I¡¯m so sorry. That¡¯s just a bit too tall for this part. They should have told you¡±
C. Read the passage and fill the blanks with proper words£¨在短文的空格内填入适当的单 词£¬ 使内容通顺£¬每空格限填一词£¬首字母已给£©£¨14 分£©
Stephen Hawking: A free soul in the Wheelchair
Stephen Hawking died in his home in Cambridge, England, on March 14, 2018, at the age of 76. His family stated that he ¡°died peacefully¡±. Here are some facts about him.
We often like the things our parents like and we grow up to do the things our parents do. So it was with Stephen Hawking. His parents like science and learning. They both graduated from Oxford College. Family dinner was a silent affair because everyone was reading a book.
Stephen enjoyed math and science in school where he earned the nickname ¡°Einstein¡±. He wanted to study math at university but Oxford didn¡¯t have a math degree at the time, so he chose physics and chemistry i _____82____ .
After graduation, Hawking went to Cambridge to study for his PhD. Then he began to have a h _____83____ problem. The doctor discovered that he had a disease called ALS£¨肌萎缩侧索硬 化 症£©.
With the help of science and modern medicine, Hawking lived a f _____85____ and meaningful life. Although he had to live on a wheelchair and couldn¡¯t talk, he could communicate using a touch pad computer and a voice synthesizer£¨合成器£©.
Hawking spent much of his work researching black holes and space-time theories. He wrote many important papers about them and became a famous expert. Stephen also enjoyed writing books. In 1988 he published A Brief History of Time. This book c____87_____ modern subjects such as the big bang(大爆炸) and black holes in terms that could be understood. The book became very popular selling millions of copies.
It was early one hot morning in 2015 when I was gently wheeled across our quiet street in my wheelchair to the taxi stand with my mother. Three weeks earlier, I had hurt my left leg at home. Now I f____81_____ had an appointment(预约) for an operation to repair the bad break in hospital.
I was feeling n_____82____ as I¡¯d never had surgery(外科手术) before and the thought of it worried me. After waiting for a taxi for more than 90 minutes, we were still standing across the street from our house, trying to ask for a ride. It usually only takes a few minutes, but on this Sunday taxis would pass by us either already filled with p____83_____ or unwilling to take us. Perhaps it was because of my wheelchair. My mother was starting to get upset as we were fast running out of t_____84____. Our appointment was 10:45 am and it would take up to 40 minutes to get to the hospital. Then a black SUV pulled over and stopped in front of us. The driver, taking a look at us, said, ¡°You two look like you could use a lift!¡± He told us he¡¯d seen us e_____85____ as he was taking his son to a weekend school activity. He was now r_____86____ home and saw that we were still there.
With no questions asked this good man welcome us aboard. We arrived at 10:30 ---just in time for my appointment. He r_____87____ my money, saying people should help one another. He left with a smile.
To this day we have not crossed paths again with this friendly driver who went out of his way, but his help is kept in our minds. I am very grateful to this kind stranger who has taught me to keep watch for and help others in need.
A healthy mind
The brain is the most fascinating part of our body. Even though there has been all medical research, n__81__ really understands everything about it. Like the rest of our body, our brain needs to be cared for. The ways that we keep our mind healthy can be quite s__82__. Getting a good night¡¯s sleep, eating a balanced diet and taking deep breaths are all important methods of looking after both your body and your brain.
Many people think their brain will slow down with age and their memory will get worse as a result. The t__83__ is, just like your body, you can also improve your mind. I¡¯ve found I can improve my memory by i__84__ what I need to remember. For example, if I¡¯m going shopping and I need bread, milk and a birthday card for my brother, I form pictures of a loaf of bread, a carton of milk with a cow on the front and a birthday card with a football on it.
The same kind of method can be used with important dates. If you have a picture in your mind of a particular event, it¡¯s much e__85__ to remember than just a number on a calendar.
Another way of improving your mind is to make sure you r__86__ visit new places and have new experiences. Traveling more often has much more long-term benefits than you would have ever expected. Personally I find learning English is a great way to keep the brain working, but communication with others in any language is important. Having a c__87__ is much better for your brain than staring at a computer screen or at other people talking on TV.
My first mistake was that I had left the garage door open. It couldn¡¯t be closed for months. I had no chance to repair it as I had an extremely high workload(工作负担). As I often travel for work, I am r_____81____ home long enough to allow repairmen to come and work.
After travelling all week, I was tired and happy to be home. I didn¡¯t think anything of the door which from the garage to the house being open. As soon as I entered the kitchen, I knew something was w____82_____ Smashed ceramics(粉碎的陶瓷) were lying across the floor and my set of Japanese kitchen knives were gone.
As I looked over the messy place, I found the upstairs bathroom door close. I knew I couldn¡¯t hesitate. I r____83_____ back to the garage and grabbed the nearest heavy object, a hammer. As I crept back into the kitchen, I heard footsteps coming down the stairs. I raised the hammer above my head. As soon as the robber, who was wearing a motorcycle helmet(头盔), stepped down from the last step, I didn¡¯t give him the chance to a______84___ me. I swung the hammer as hard as I could into his helmet. He fell to the ground yelping aloud and dropping the sports bag which he had been filling with the valuable from my house. After a moment, he jumped up and ran past me towards the garage door. After he had left, I was still very shaken with f_____85____ as someone had broken into my house. After passing through the rooms of the house three times, I felt s_____86____ that nobody else was there. At that point I laid the hammer down in the kitchen and called the police.
When the police heard I had stayed at the house and struck the robber with a hammer, they told me that I shouldn¡¯t play a role as a h_____87____ if I thought someone had broken into my house. Instead, I should exit the house and call the police from a safe place.
81. last 82. space 83. careful 84. little 85. nothing 86. proud 87. likely
81. physical 82. focus 83. response/revenge 84. immediately 85. because 86. lose 87. Mistake
81-87 nothing, skill(s), badly, basic, change, rebuilt, failed
81. without, 82. prize, 83. no , 84. described, 85. training, 86. keep, 87.frightened
81. why 82. memory 83. experiment 84. when 85. correct 86. easily 87. Solve
81. love 82. alone/ alive 83. situation 84. managed 85. without 86. worried 87. Encourages
81. Early 82. instead 83. health 84. waste 85. full 86. Success 87. Created